World Thalassemia Day 2021: Why is India called the capital of Kothalasemia? How will it affect the body?

World Thalassemia Day 2021: Why is India called the capital of Kothalasemia?  How will it affect the body?

World Thalassemia Day 2021 (file file)

Thalassemia is a genetic disease that is usually present in a child from birth. The statistics tell the story of how tragic a disease is and how tragic it is. According to the data, there are about 400 million thalassemia carriers in India, and about one lakh children die every year before they reach the age of puberty due to lack of treatment. This is why India is known as the capital of Thalassemia. Let’s find out what thalassemia is and how long the patient has to live. Immunity Booster: How effective are vitamin pills in boosting immunity? Learn what the experts say.


World Thalassemia Day has been observed regularly since May 08, 1994. On this day, the Thalassemia International Federation also organizes various events on the occasion of International Thalassemia Day. The main purpose of celebrating this day is to promote discussion on any specific topic related to the prevention, management or treatment of the disease, to attract the attention of the general public, patient organizations, government authorities, health professionals and industry representatives. Promote work at the same time

What is blood?

Thalassemia is a type of blood disorder that is thought to be genetic. Before we know it, what is blood? Human blood contains blood cells and plasma. There are three types of blood cells: red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), platelets, and plasma. In this fluid, blood cells float to different parts of the body. Plasma also transmits nutrients absorbed from the intestines to different parts of the body. That means every organ of the body gets its blood only through plasma.

How is thalassemia?

There are two types of thalassemia, the first minor thalassemia, the second major thalassemia, now the child will have minor thalassemia or large thalassemia, it depends on the chromosome of the parents. If the chromosomes in the body of both the mother and the father are defective, then the child is more likely to have minor thalassemia. However, the chromosomes of both parents are defective, but a large thalassemia condition develops.

In this case, the blood formation in the baby may stop after three to six months after birth and then the baby needs to be given blood every 21 to 30 days, where the blood never reaches normal level in babies with minor thalassemia Short, but they live healthy lives.

How to save the life of a newborn?

If one of the parents has thalassemia, they should plan to have a baby on the advice of a gynecologist. One way to do this is to have blood tests for boys and girls before marriage to make sure that both of them do not develop juvenile thalassemia. If one of the parents has major thalassemia, the fetus can be tested within four months of pregnancy.

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